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The Elizabethan Meridian of the Newport Tower and its subsequent use by the Longfellow family.
I have been writing about the Newport Tower being a claim marker and denoting a prime meridian for seven years now. Recent speculation by others has prompted me to reiterate my ideas here. This is part one with other sections of this story to come. This is also noted in my last three books. Thank you. -Cort
The Newport Tower has been a point of some debate for many years. Many ascribe its origins to Norsemen who came to North America long before Columbus. Others point to the later incursions of figures like Henry Sinclair or the Knights Templar as the origins of this strange enigmatic tower. The arguments for these points of view provide some suggestions in favor of this theory that do not seem to stand up to closer scrutiny combined with later historical events.
Other points of view including those of this author ascribe the origins of the tower to the same sources that standard history does. The Tower was likely actually built at the time of Benedict Arnold Sr. as the common history states it is “his stone built windmill.” Other records confirm the presence of Thomas Stafford in Newport as being the earliest windmill builder in New England. In fact one of his descendants a later Joab Stafford was honored with a replica of the Newport Tower near Pittsfield Massachusetts being named for him and marking his gravesite. In a strange way through the course of this story this reproduction will expose the truth about the real Newport Tower and also is associated with a lost treasure linked to the Longfellow family! Patience reader.
What was the purpose of the Newport Tower? It may be that the Newport Tower is representative of a point of claim by English Queen Elizabeth I to land that Spanish royals may have already felt had been claimed by them. In order for Elizabeth to claim this region she may have been liable to legally describe the property she was claiming in some fashion. During this era England and Elizabeth were at war with Spain so taking land they claimed would not have been out of the scope of English endeavors at this time. There are many other examples that display the possibility of a tower similar to that of Newport being used for this purpose.
It may be that the among its other functions the Tower is representative of a Prime Meridian or north to south arc on the globe aligned with the axial north pole of the earth. This would have been determined to relative accuracy by use of sighting the pole star at night. It may be that the Tower was built in the tradition of the of the Tower of the Winds of Athens. In this way the form and tradition of such a tower also infers its use as a time keeping device that in turn provides a Prime Meridian somewhat similar to Greenwich England and the famous Paris Meridian.
Given this it is strange that the Newport Tower’s octagonal form is not oriented to True or Polar North but seems to be oriented at about 1 degree less than true north. This discrepancy may have been due to its creator using the angles of equinox instead of the pole star to orient the structure. Many ecclesiastical structures are oriented to the equinox. This represents anywhere from 1 to 1.75 degrees of variance from using the pole star to calculate true north. This could have easily also been due to user error or a faulty sight of the axial center and Pole Star.
With this in mind it may be that the builders of the tower and later people who examined the tower as a datum or Prime Meridian marker may have assumed it represented a true north to south meridian. If this is true then it would have been an easy task for anyone aware of and trained in the art of astronomy or cartography during many periods of history to execute an alignment of other talismanic points along this Prime Meridian. This really would have been considered a low level engineering feat in the age after the development of the monumental Cathedrals of Europe as well as the linear orientation of many estates and Chateaux in France through time. With the common adaptation of the magnetic compass in 1000 A.D. this would have been an easy task for anyone wishing to align sites and events with the Newport Tower.
The fact that the Newport Tower is a post Elizabethan era structure does not rule out the possibility that this point was a valued observation point used to establish a meridian in conjunction with Star Castle that in turn could be used to legally describe property in New England relative to its position. Prior to the construction of the tower a stone cairn or other marker could have been used to mark this point on earth. The trip of Captains Gosnold and Archer to this region in 1602 may have been for this very reason though no tower or visit to Newport was noted by these men. They did however visit Nomans Island and Cuttyhunk very nearby so it is strange that they did not note the presence of such an obvious landmark at that time. These men were at points on the earth where the Newport Tower would have been visible. Perhaps they were keeping it a secret? No. There are easier explanations.
The Tower had not yet been built. If the Newport Tower existed at the time Gosnold and Archer visited Newport they why didn’t they say it was there? Why did no one else note the presence of a tower there prior? We have a suggestion of “Normanville” from the “Zeno Map” but if the tower was there then why no mention of it from Gosnold and Archer? In fact as we may see Gosnold and Archer were actually in New England at this time to claim it for England and Queen Elizabeth using the future site of the Newport Tower even though no tower had been built at this point. Given the political climate of the era the English would have chosen to document their claim by tying it in or associating it with a landmark of their creation as opposed to a church oriented landmark the Spanish and others may have chosen to legally describe their claim. In addition during this point of history if a tower there had been built by Norsemen or Orkneymen then this claim would have fell to England as the Earldom of Orkney had long since passed into the Scottish and then English domain. But again these two famous English explorers Gosnold and Archer did not note a tower being present in Newport during their 1602 visit to the region. At this time it does appear they claimed New England very near to the same point on earth the Mayflower Compact would later be signed. Both events took place in Provincetown Harbor on Cape Cod. The later settlement of Plymouth is not very far from Newport yet no settlers noted the presence of a tower in Newport either. It seems if people during this era believed the tower was Norse it would support their claim yet they remained silent about its possible existence at that time.
In past works I have discussed the use of Star Castle on the Isles of Scilly as being the datum or axis from which New England was claimed for Elizabeth. Its construction date of 1583 fits this entire scheme and the forts octagonal plan actually “points to” the Newport Tower on the Globe. Coincidentally this same arc on the globe crosses Provincetown Harbor where Archer and Golsnold claimed New England and later the Mayflower Compact was signed. Interestingly one of the other eight directions suggested by Star Castle’s design “points to” Bornholm Island in the Baltic Sea as well. This direction or arc on the globe also mimics the famous Michael Line (Ley line) in England. In other words Star Castle is located on the Michael Line. In effect the Michael Line also points to Bornholm Island, This is interesting in that both the Newport Tower and Newport Tower reproduction near Chester Massachusetts both point the way to Bornholm Island in the Baltic Sea. Are we being sent a message with these associations? Or was this arranged to make us believe something that was not true?
It seems these people are associating their axes and datums with a place that has been associated with an amazing array of 12th century churches that have been arranged to suggest an advanced degree of land surveying and geodesy was known of at that time (Lincoln; Haagensen). Many other authors ascribe this array of churches to the “Knights Templar” but as we may see this array of Churches may be more associated with an amazing man named Nicolas Breakspear also known of as Pope Adrian IV the only Englishman to ever be made Pope of the Latin Church of Rome. Amazingly Breakspeare is from St. Alban’s England the very same home town of Sir Francis Bacon. These associations will become more obvious and documented as this tale progresses. Hmm....Breakespeare/Shakespeare what a coincidence. Some historians associate the family of Breakspeare to that of the Arthurian character Sir Lancelot.
A north to south line or arc measured from the Newport Tower could have been used as a baseline or meridian of note and sites along it could have been placed with relative accuracy using overland surveying techniques sighting the pole star as well as the use of a compass. Those are the very same tools that land surveyors used until the late twentieth century. To date no such alignment of significant sites has been identified. Here we will discuss one site that may have gained an association with this meridian long after the Newport Tower had been built. This association may go a long way towards explaining why later residents of New England chose to believe that their region had originally been settled by Norseman. This story will include a lost treasure situated in association with a Magdala or sacred tower. This template is repeated in many initiatory quests and treasure legends.
There is a wealth of evidence that a group of literary figures such as Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Edgar Allan Poe, and Ralph Waldo Emerson had taken an interest in mysteries such as the Newport Tower. Poe’s mother Elizabeth Arnold was a direct family member of the same Arnold family of Newport including Benedict Arnold Sr. the said builder of the Newport Tower. Both Poe and Longfellow even seemed to have written poetry involving the Newport Tower. Longfellow’s “A Skeleton in Armor” and Poe’s “El Dorado” both mention cryptic towers. "El Dorado" even seems to reference the Westford Knight rock carving and Poe was known to have spent time in that town. This is amazing given Poe’s family relation to the Tower and Longfellow’s association with a group of wealthy Bostonian’s known as the Boston Brahmins. As it turns out Poe also had blood family connections to Sir Hugh Allan of the Great Northern Railroad and Hudson's Bay Company as well as the Hill family who may have had knowledge of the truth of the Kensington Rune. In turn both Poe and Longfellow had family members who settled Nova Scotia after General Lawrence (related to G. Washington and the source of his brothers first name) expelled the French Acadians from that region.
In the mid to late nineteenth century a few men considered part of this group were implicated in the outright fakery of what they termed Norse sites in New England. This included Eben Horsford who actually considered a site on the Charles River near Boston to have once been the capitol of what he termed “Norumbega.” In response Horsford built a tower known as the Norumbega Tower today out of stones on the site he insisted had comprised an earlier tower. Horsford and others also insisted that a site that later turned out to be an early colonial site was "Norse" though no "Norse" cultural material was recovered in his investigations. Many of these men's assumptions or wishful thinking may have come about via their opposition to the Catholic Church and the notion that Christopher Columbus, a Catholic, had “discovered” America. The result of their obsession also resulted in the erection of a Leif Erikson statue in Boston at that time.
It seems that now during this period of the nineteenth century people had begun to believe that Norseman had come and that they had built the Newport Tower and other sites in New England. This despite no mention of the Tower having been in Newport before by Gosnold or Archer or the early inhabitants of the town including the man who supposedly had the structure built by Thomas Stafford named Benedict Arnold Sr. Why would these early Englishman keep the tower a secret or say they had built it when they knew it was older? This does not make sense in tandem with later people’s wish for the tower to be Norse. Is it possible that these men were propagating the same deception that had originally been set in motion by Queen Elizabeth in an attempt to establish a lineal claim to New England over the Spanish? Let us not forget that later King James I had a Danish Queen, Anne of Denmark, and also a Danish Great Grandmother Margaret. King James had a Scandinavian heritage.
Norumbega is an early term associated with early legends of the Norse in the New England region but this name had also been used by earlier French inhabitants of the same territory. As it turns out the root of the word Norumbega has Native American origins and does not refer to Norsemen. The son of the first Governor of French Arcadia Anselm d’Abbadie St. Castin was later known as the Count of Norumbega after he returned to France to reclaim his fathers titles. Anselme once prowled Nova Scotia waters as a privateer against the English at the time of that conflict just prior to the advent of the Oak Island Treasure mystery. The d'Abbadie St. Castin family were the namesake of Castine, Maine where others speculate being the location of the mythical "Norumbega."
Interestingly Anselme was half Native American bringing this blood into the Bourbon line of which he married into. The d’Abbadie family is notable for many interesting figures and may also include the origins of the Great Cyclic Cross of Hendaye among its achievements. Their family name suggests a lineage associated with the lay Abbots of the Schools of Charlemagne himself. Other famous d’Abbadie’s include Blaise d’Abbadie governor of French Louisiana that handed it over to Jefferson, and Antoine d’Abbadie famous Ethiopian explorer and builder of the “Rosslyn Chapel” of France Chateau Abbadia. The d’Abbadie St. Germain family actually managed the palace of St. Germain en Laye for the Royal Family of France and were indeed financiers of the monarchy in part.
Given this lineage it appears the d’Abbadie’s weren’t above leaving behind a landscape mystery such as what we may see at Oak Island and the Newport Tower. Though the Newport Tower is not associated with them we may see contemporary figures of Antoine d’Abbadie in the United States displaying some regard for the Newport Tower and its true origins as a land claim marker used in Elizabethan times to claim New England. Many of the literary efforts of these men may have been in part to suggest a Norse origin for many unexplained cultural features and phenomena in New England. Their inspiration for these views may have had more to do with denying any claims that Spain once held to the region as well as down playing the involvement of a Catholic man named Christopher Columbus.
Many of the other similar places associated with Prime Meridians and attached architecture also include myths of lost biblical relics or treasures that infer Enochain and Solomonic concepts. Oak Island and the Legend of Bacon’s Vault in Williamsburg both adhere to this template as well as the famous Beale Treasure which may be an extension of the Bacon’s Vault myth in tandem. Does the Newport Tower adhere to this same tradition in folklore or reality?
Where is the Treasure associated with the Newport Tower? Is it the Kensington Rune what you are supposed to find using the Newport Tower? The tower points to the Kensington Rune using an octagonal template that points in its direction every day of the year all day not only on the solstice as others have suggested. It is possible that our later crew of literary figures and Boston Brahmins may have arranged or found a way to retrace the meridian defined by the Newport Tower in this traditional manner? True to form this legend of the Newport Tower grew to include what are apparently biblical oriented relics and themes that match many Enochain and Solomonic concepts. There are indeed a string of treasure myths with these overtones that are arrayed across the entire North American continent. Many of these legends seem to involve groups and families comprised of the early settlers of Plymouth, Hartford, Boston, and Jamestown.
A precise “0” degree or True North heading or arc on the globe plotted from the position of the Newport Tower leads to the summit of Mt. Washington New Hampshire. This meridian does not seem to transect any of the other places in New England that are claimed by others as having an association to the Newport Tower. It is interesting that the name of this mountain is Washington given obviously after the Revolutionary War era. Even so that symbolism fits in with what our cast of later Society of the Cincinnati literary figures would have valued and propagated.
Amazingly there is a treasure myth at Mt. Washington that existed since the time of the French and Indian wars that does involve what are apparently Biblical inspired votive objects from a sacked Jesuit Monastery in Canada!
In 1759 a group known as Rodger’s Rangers raided the Jesuit settlement of St. Francis in Quebec. Valuable objects were said to have been pilfered from the church. Included in this hoard were a silver statue of the Virgin Mary and Christ Child, a Golden Calf statue, a large ruby ring and other valuables. The Virgin Mary Statue as described even included a stellated crown such as seen on the Statue of Liberty later. The figure of Mary was also holding the Christ Child who in turn held a globe in his hand.
This imagery exactly fits the profile of many of these treasure stories being associated in a regular geometric scheme with a tower such as the Newport Tower. The profile is also matched in the biblical, Solomonic, and Enochian themes suggested by this hoard of treasure. In addition we also see an allusion to the story of Moses with the inclusion of the golden calf. These are strangely valuable items to have been included in a Jesuit Church at a time of war in a relatively remote region of Canada.
The story of Roger’s Rangers continues to include the men stashing the treasure on the southern slopes of none other than Mt. Washington “pointed to” by the Newport Tower. The only other missing piece of this common profile not documented here is the involvement of our mid to late nineteenth century literary figures and families of he Society of the Cincinnati. Or are they here at Mt. Washington as well?
For this involvement we may look back to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, his brother Samuel Longfellow, and the Octagon Club of Harvard. In about 1839 Samuel Longfellow and his Octagon Club of Harvard Cohorts undertook a summiting of Mt. Washington. Other members included illustrious names such as Chase, Adams, Parker, and Hurd. In addition later sources state that Henry Wadsworth Longfellow also later summited Mt. Washington with a guide.
To many this association with Mt. Washington, the Newport Tower, the Longfellow’s, and Treasure may seen like a grand coincidence……Yet there is a wealth of evidence to support this notion if two of my recent books including "The Geographic Mysteries of Sir Francis Bacon", and "Edgar Allan Poe, the Kensington Rune and Beale Treasure Revealed." Longfellow again surfaced in my work entitled "The Prophecy of Dante and the New Jerusalem of Ravenna, Italy." Longfellow published his interpretation of Dante's "Inferno."
Is it possible that many of the things attributed to "Templars" are actually Knights of the Garter, Bath or Thistle? Again later the involvement of the "Cavaliers" from Virginia seems to be present in the mysteries of Bacon's Vault in Williamsburg, The Beale Treasure, The Kensington Rune, as well as the development of the Hudson's Bay Company and Great Northern Railroad.
As it turns out both the Plymouth Colony and Virginia Colony were administered under the auspices of King James I and the Charter of 1606. This charter also designates many "Knights" of the Bath and Garter as being the primary investors in both of these endeavors via this charter. This includes Sir Francis Bacon as well.
Stay tuned for more coming in part two including more indisputable evidence that the Newport Tower is not of Norse origin. Though this may disappoint many the true story is even more amazing than the one currently being marketed to the public via popular media.
COMING IN THE NEXT INSTALLMENT; THE SPIRIT POND RUNE AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH THE POPHAM BEACH COLONY AND SIR WALTER RALEIGH'S NEPHEW WHO LIVED THERE. THIS WILL ESTABLISH THE PRESENCE OF THE SAME SYMBOLS ON THE KENSINGTON STONE IN A COLONIAL CONTEXT FOR THE SECOND TIME INCLUDING THE ARCHER RELIQUARY AT JAMESTOWN.